Hoshangabad a city and municipality of the Hoshangabad district in the state of Madhya Pradesh is located on the south of the river of Narmada. The city was earlier known as Narmadapuram. However, later on its name was changed to Hoshangabad owing allegiance to the name of Hoshang Shah Gori, the ruler of the Malwa region of Central India. Hoshangabad coordinates at 22.75°N 77.72°E and has an average elevation of 278 metres. In 1998 the western region of the
district was split off to become Harda district. Hoshangabad is like an irregular elongated strip along the Narmada
River. The total area of Hoshangabad district is roughly around 5408.23
km square. It is surrounded by the districts of Betul in the south and
districts of Harda can be found on its western and south western zones.
Its north eastern part is marked with Narsingpur district whereas
Chhindwara districts on its south-eastern side.
Rivers in Hoshangabad
The northern boundary of the district is covered by Narmada River. The Tawa River
is an important tributary of the Narmada River which rises in the famous
Satpura Ranges to the south and flows north to get united with the
Narmada River at Bandra Bhan village. This union of two important rivers
Narmada and Tawa is celebrated at Bandrabhan village every year through
a holy fair.
Sethani Ghats is considered to be an important landmark of the city and is located approximately 7 km downstream of the confluence of Tawa and Narmada rivers.
Climate of Hoshangabad
Its climatic conditions are not very harsh and remain more or less moderate all through the year. All the seasons are enjoyed equally by the people of Hoshangabad. The average annual rain fall is 174 cm. The average maximum and minimum temperature are 32 degree Celsius and 19 degree Celsius respectively. The weather of Hoshangabad in general is very normal but the winters in Pachmarhi, the only hill station of Madhya Pradesh can be harsh and severe.
Bio-Reserves in Hoshangabad
The district of Hoshangabad is famous for its small but popular hill station called Pachmarhi, in the Satpura mountain Ranges, which attracts pool of tourists every year. During British raj, Pachmarhi was the most favored tourist destination in Central India. It has also religious significance in the sense that it gets thronged by several worshippers of lord Shiva from the surrounding countryside. The Pachmarhi Sanctuary (461.37 km²) is part of the larger Pachmarhi Biosphere Preserve and is located in Hoshangabad. The biosphere reerves apart from Hoshangabad covers the districts of Chhindwara and Betul. The Rajat Prapat beautiful waterfall is located at Pachmarhi in Hoshangabad district. Highest peak of Satpura , Dupgargh is situated in Pachmarhi .
Flora and Fauna in Hoshangabad
Hoshangabad is famous for itsSatpura Tiger Reserves and Bori Wildlife Sanctuaries . Both are home to several species of plants and animals and helps in conserving the same. The breath taking natural beauty of Satpura National Park is also responsible for making this only hill station of Madhya Pradesh so popular with the tourists all over the country.Other places of tourist attractions are Adamgarh Hillsconsisting of ancient Petrogylphs, kind of rock painting, which is worth visiting.
Quick Geographical Facts About Hoshangabad
Country : India State : Madhya Pradesh District : Hoshangabad Elevation : 278 m (912 ft) Area : 5,408 km2 Coordinates: 22.75°N 77.72°E River: Narmada and Tawa Avearge Rain Fall : 134 cms. Average Maximum Temprature: 32 deg.C Average Minimum Temprature: 19 deg.C